Here in the Electrical World, we are always concerned with safety, and in this article, we will talk about one of the regulatory standards, which is the NR 35 standard. We explain what NR 35 is, the main points addressed by NR 35, and what is the relationship between NR 35 with the electrician. Come on!
An essential fact that we cannot fail to highlight is that in some cases of accidents involving electric shock, they also include height, and the damage could be less if the professional were adequately equipped, as falls are primarily responsible for intensifying damage to the body.
What is NR 35?
Regulatory Standard 35, also known as NR 35, establishes the minimum protection requirements for work performed at height, involving planning, organization, and execution, that is, NR35 was created to ensure the safety and health of workers. Workers involved directly or indirectly with work at height.
It is important to clarify that there is a difference between regulatory standards (NRs) and Brazilian standards (NBC). ABNT NBR is the acronym for Brazilian Standard approved by ABNT, and this Standard is voluntary and based on the consensus of society and professionals in the areas, becoming mandatory when this condition is established by the government. NR is the acronym for Regulatory Standard established by the Ministry of Labor and Employment so that all NRs are mandatory.
What are the main points of NR 35?
What is NR 35, and what is it for?
Work considered at height: What to consider?
Many jobs performed by electricians are considered jobs at heights; after all, which electrician has never climbed a ladder to change a lamp, install a lamp, or install a fan? It is necessary to be aware of the dangers of electricity, whether direct as the electric shock or indirect risks, which in this case, is the height. But how do you know if the job is considered high or not?
According to the NR 35 standard, any activity performed above two meters from the lower level, where there is a risk of falling, is considered work at height. To facilitate understanding, the lower level is where the person will fall. If you are on a 1m ladder, at first, it may not be considered work at height, but if this ladder is on a 3m platform, it is characterized as a work at height.
NR 35: Responsibilities
Falls due to lack of safety at work at height are among the main causes of death for workers who perform activities at height, as occurs in construction works.
NR 35 aims to reduce the number of accidents related to falls, so NR 35 requires the employer to offer its workers training, qualification, personal protective equipment, accessories, anchoring systems, emergency staff, AND development of planning for organization NA execution of the activities done.
What does NR 35 require from the employer?
As we have just seen, the employer does have its obligations and responsibilities to employees, but it is not only the employer who has the responsibility to prevent accidents with falls from a height! According to the norm NR 35, the employee also has his responsibilities and needs to be aware and comply with certain requirements, such as:
Ensure the implementation of the protection measures established in this Standard;
Ensure the performance of the Risk Analysis – AR and, when applicable, the issuance of the Work Permit – PT;
Develop an operational procedure for routine work at height;
Ensure the prior assessment of conditions in the workplace at height, by studying, planning and implementing the actions and the applicable complementary safety measures;
Adopt the necessary measures to monitor the compliance with the protection measures established in this Standard by the contracted companies;
To guarantee workers updated information about risks and control measures;
Ensure that any work at height begins only after the protection measures defined in this Standard have been adopted;
Ensure the suspension of work at height when it verifies an unforeseen risk situation or condition, whose immediate elimination or neutralization is not possible;
Establish a system for authorizing workers to work at heights;
Ensure that all work at height is carried out under supervision, the form of which will be defined by risk analysis in accordance with the peculiarities of the activity;
Ensure the organization and filing of the documentation provided for in this Standard.
What does NR 35 require from the employee?
According to Standard NR 35, the employee also has obligations to be fulfilled when activities are carried out at a height greater than 2 m. According to NR 35, the employee’s obligations are:
Comply with legal and regulatory provisions on working at heights, including procedures issued by the employer;
Collaborate with the employer in the implementation of the provisions contained in NR 35;
Interrupt their activities by exercising the right of refusal, whenever they find evidence of serious and imminent risks for their safety and health or that of others, immediately reporting the fact to their superior, who will take appropriate measures;
Watch over your safety and health and that of other people who may be affected by your actions or omissions at work.
It is important to highlight that the professional has the right to refuse; that is, NR 35 guarantees the worker the right to interrupt his activities whenever the professionals find evidence of serious and imminent risks.
NR 35: Capacity building and training
There are many risks when carrying out work at height, and the standard NR 35 states that the employer is responsible for offering training and training for its employees to carry out work at height, with the program content being theoretical and practical, with a minimum workload of eight hours and carried out during working hours.
The standard NR 35 requires some items that must be addressed during employee training and training, which are:
Rules and regulations applicable to working at height;
Risk analysis and impeding conditions;
Potential risks inherent in working at heights and prevention