Do you know what conduit is? Few electricians are aware of what a conduit is. In this article, we are going to show you different types of conduit, how conduit is used, both inside and outside areas, in addition to showing how to make proper insulation of conduits.
When we refer to electrical infrastructure, we are talking about the entire structure that will somehow contain cables, circuit breakers, switches and all other direct components of an electrical installation.
When we talk about overlapping infrastructure, we are talking about the electrical infrastructure that goes outside the walls and one of the overlapping components that appears the most is the conduit. The conduit is a box used to protect electrical cables and give access to some parts of the cables that are inside the conduits. The conduits most used for the installation of overlap are aluminum.
Regarding the types of conduit, we have the fixed and multiple, first let’s talk about the fixed conduit. In the fixed conduit the location for fitting the conduits is fixed to the conduit body. Therefore, we must use a different conduit according to the installation that will be made.
Therefore, we must use different conduits according to installation.
Fixed conduit, the place for fitting the conduits is fixed.
There are nine variations of positions for entry or exit of the conduits in the conduit, they are:
The type B fixed conduit, which is used to finish a pipe with the conduit in a horizontal position. The type E fixed conduit which is also used to finish a pipe, but with the conduit in the vertical position. The type C fixed conduit, which has two positions for conduit fitting.
Completion of a pipe with the conduit in a horizontal position.
Fixed conduit types B, E and C.
The fixed conduit LL, which has two positions for fitting the conduit forming an L to the left. The fixed conduit LR, which has two positions for fitting the conduit forming an L to the right. The conduit LB, which has two positions for conduit fitting also forming an L, but one of the conduit fittings is at the rear of the conduit.
Two positions for conduit fitting forming an L.
Fixed conduit types LL, LR and LB.
The conduit T, which has three positions for fitting the conduit. The TB conduit, which has three positions for conduit fitting, but one of the conduit fittings is at the rear. And conduit X, which has four positions for fitting conduit.
It has three positions for conduit fitting.
Fixed conduit types T, TB and X.
The fixed conduit can have two types of fitting for the conduits, the fixed fitting without thread, where the fitting is made by screw. And the fixed threaded fitting, where the conduit itself is threaded to the conduit.
The fixed conduit can have two types of conduit for the conduits.
Fixed conduit without thread and with thread.
Finally, we have multiple conduits, the multiple conduits is more practical to use because the conduit fittings are not fixed there. There are five threaded holes where it is possible to thread connectors for placing the conduits and for the holes that will not be used, there are the plugs.
There are five threaded holes where it is possible to place the conduits.
Multiple conduits, more practical to use.
Conduit for outdoor areas
Everyone knows that two major enemies of electrical installations are water and dust. That is why there is a degree of IP protection that talks about how much electrical equipment and components are protected against water and dust.
The degree of IP protection also applies to conduit boxes and varies according to the use of these conduits. When the conduit is used in indoor installations where the amount of dust is low and there is no possibility of water infiltration, naturally the conduit can have a lower IP degree, so we can use conduit with its cover and conduits for an indoor environment.
However, when the conduit is going to be used for outdoor installations, it is necessary to use a conduit that meets the IP54 grade, as in these cases there is a great possibility that the conduit and the pipeline will be exposed to rain and dust. In some cases, we can use the sealing kit that transforms the normal conduit into the IP54 conduit.
Sealing kit, how to use?
Sealing kits in some situations are a great alternative for protecting conduit on the outside. However, we used the sealing kit correctly so as not to lose the protection provided by the kit, so we decided to show how to use the sealing kit properly.
Below is a sealing kit that is for multiple conduits. This kit comes with a sealing gasket for the cap, three gasket seals for conduit, three gasket seals for conduit and three pressure plugs with sealing.
The sealing kit, transforms normal conduits into conduits with IP54.
Sealing kit, for multiple conduits.
The gaskets for the conduit are used in the connector thread. Then just fit the gasket into the thread of the connector and thread the connector into the multiple conduits.
Fit the gasket on the connector thread and thread the connector on the conduit.
Conduit seals are used on the connector thread.
The conduit holes that are not going to be used must be closed with the plug and the gasket. Threaded gaskets are used on the cap thread.