The student or professional in the field of electrical controls is faced with some difficulties when assembling aboard, as the barriers are vast since the personal development of each individual is different. Each being has its own characteristics, being able to develop skills to assemble from simple to the most complex circuits. With training, practices and discipline we can reach a cutting edge professional level.
To start talking about electrical controls, let’s think… what is the best way to start an assembly? The best way is to start organizing the components, make a layout and have an operational sequence. Working in an organized and sequential manner helps us to dominate and minimize the chances of mistakes.
In a circuit, we will find two types of diagrams, the load, and the command, which correspond to the energization of the loads and their actuations respectively. Be aware that the power of both is different, and the set command can be powered by 220V, 127V, 24V or even 12V. Based on these diagrams, we will start our assembly with a test on all devices to identify faults, so it would be easy to replace any component with the defect.
After the tests, we can now fix the components based on the layout created and start our assembly, which will charge us a higher concentration. A professional in the assembly of electrical controls should be attentive and try to develop skills in order to always improve the sequence and organization of the components since there are several possibilities for the arrangement of components on a panel.
In an assembly, we must separate the components according to their function, in order to maintain logic and organization. The cables must be accommodated in the channels and ringed in the same direction of reading, at their connection ends the terminals must be pressed with forks or pins. If you look at the photo above we will see that the components follow a pre-established order, in which it implies protection with circuit breakers or fuses, load and command contactors, frequency inverters, soft starters, relays, pushbuttons, signals, and connectors.
When fixing the cables, be aware of the ringing, it will be your reference to not get lost or to miss the connections and jump of the respective connections. The cables that need to pass through paths outside the channels must be fastened with strings or nylon clamp, always choose to perform the assemblies following the order of the washers. On the other hand, there are professionals who choose to assemble every load or command first, since the ringing does not follow the sequence of starting in one diagram and ending in the other, thus being at the discretion of the professional, but always keep in mind that the cables that remain in the channels needed future inspection and maintenance. Components must be attached to the rails within the perimeter of the channels. Today we have a market with countless components and materials,
For professionals and students of electrical controls, always keep in mind that looking for qualification, searching for innovations is of individual responsibility. We have a duty to always improve our skills. In the market, there are several forms and procedures for assembly and it is up to each one to seek what best suits their needs.