Have you ever thought about replacing your home outlet, but at the time you were afraid you might not be able to make the switch? In this article we will show you how you can be changing your outlet safely and correctly, present what types of outlets you have and where those outlets should be used. Come on!
What is taken?
The outlet is basically a connection point that supplies electrical power to a plug to be connected. Plugs are most commonly used to connect electrical and electronic devices such as a refrigerator, coffee maker, computer, TV, blender, vacuum cleaner, microwave, etc.
In residences, the outlets are divided into two classes, TUG (general use socket) and TUE (specific use socket). The TUG class sockets are used to connect electrical and electronic devices with an electrical current of up to 10A, for example, computer, charging, TV, blender, refrigerator, chargers, etc.
The TUE class sockets must have an independent circuit, as they are for connecting electrical and electronic devices with electrical current above 10A and up to 20A such as, for example, microwave, dryer, dishwasher etc. It is important to highlight the need to perform the appropriate dimensioning for each class of sockets, as the electric current that passes through the TUG and TUE sockets are different.
There are several models and colors of sockets such as double sockets, switch socket, modular, UBS, flush, overlap etc. In homes the most used sockets are those with three holes of 10A of 127v / 220v or 20A of 127v / 220v. The third hole was implemented because it is responsible for connecting the grounding of electrical and electronic devices.
How to install an outlet?
Many people have questions about how to install an outlet and where to find the necessary information for the outlets. The socket information is printed on the socket structure, it is possible to identify information such as maximum current, voltage, socket model, safety certifications, etc.
After all necessary explanations, we will install the socket. For safety, turn off the general circuit breaker in your home, so that there is no electrical accident or short circuit when installing the outlet.
The following example shows how to install a 127v socket, with an electrical current of 10A in a single-phase TUG circuit (phase, neutral and earth). We emphasize that it is important to identify which is the maximum current of the socket to be used, many models inform this value on the front of the socket
The first step is to strip the conductors (phase, neutral and ground), which will be connected to the outlet. In some models of sockets they have a template to measure the amount of conductor that must be blasted.
To use this measure, bring the conductor close to the measurement printed on the socket, after conducting the conductor marking, use suitable pliers, preferably a stripping pliers and stripping 11mm from the conductor, then repeat the process for the other conductors that will be connected to the socket terminals.
After stripping the conductors, make the conductor connections to the socket terminals. The neutral conductor must be connected to the terminal with the neutral identification, which is represented by the letter N. Then the grounding conductor must be connected to the central terminal of the socket, the grounding has the function of protecting the socket against current leakage. Finally, connect the phase conductor to the terminal with the phase identification, which is represented by the F / L symbol.
After that, make sure that all the conductors are well connected to the terminals, turn on the general circuit breaker, your socket is ready for use.
In an electrical circuit you can have more than one socket of the TGU class, in this video from the World of Electrical shows how to connect more than one TUG socket in the same electrical circuit, it is worth checking to expand your knowledge!