The generation of electric energy is one of the great current challenges of humanity, it is not possible to give up all the technology and comfort that we have today through electricity, at the same time the population continues to increase and thereby generating even greater demand in the supply of energy electrical.
Maintaining electricity for everyone is not an easy task, and the biggest challenge may be to continue generating electricity without polluting and causing impacts on the environment.
This is the great challenge of current electrical engineering, producing electrical energy with different sources of energy found on Earth. That is why we decided to show the power generation power of the largest hydroelectric, nuclear, wind, solar and solar thermal plant in the world.
Largest hydroelectric plant in the world
The largest hydroelectric plant in the world located in China, the Three Gorges hydroelectric plant, which has an incredible capacity of 22,500 MW. The Three Gorges plant is located on the Yangtze River, has 26 turbines and is one of the largest buildings ever made by man. The plant began to be built in 1992 and ended in 2009 with the activation of the 26th generator.
Largest nuclear power plant in the world
The largest nuclear power plant in the world is located in Japan, but anyone who thinks it is a Fukushima plant is mistaken, where it had an accident at the nuclear power plant, but this is not the largest nuclear power plant in the world. The largest nuclear power plant in the world is located in the city of KASHIWAZAKI-KARINA. This plant has a generation capacity of 8,212 MW. It has this name because it is on the border of the cities of KASHIWAZAKI and KARIWA, installed in an area of 4.2 km².
After two earthquakes that occurred in Japan in 2011, the plant’s generators have been partially shut down, and there is a plan for the plant to be completely decommissioned in the future.
Largest wind farm in the world
The largest wind farm in the world is located in Texas in the United States, Horse Hollow in Texas is the largest wind farm in the world, with 421 wind turbines that guarantee power of 735.5 MW, and this power is capable of feeding up to 250 thousand houses. Horse Hollow was installed in an area of 190 KM, perhaps this being one of the biggest obstacles to the installation of wind energy, precisely this huge area spent for the installation of the wind turbines.
Largest photovoltaic solar plant in the world
The largest solar photovoltaic plant in the world is located in India, more precisely in the city of Kamuthi in the state of Tamil Nadu, where the photovoltaic solar plant has a generation capacity of 648 MW.
For the installation of the panels, an area of 10 km² was used, the entire area being covered with 2.5 million solar panels, to capture and transform the sunlight directly into electrical energy. The entire plant was built in 8 months and the plant is capable of feeding 150,000 homes in India.
Largest solar thermal plant in the world
The largest solar thermal plant in the world is located in Ivanpah, which is located in the United States in a desert region of California. This solar thermal plant has the capacity to generate 392 MW of power and is capable of supplying approximately 140 thousand homes.
In this type of plant several mirrors are installed to mirror the sunlight. The reflected light is concentrated in the capture panels at the top of the towers, generating enough heat to heat water tanks and generate steam that, in turn, turns the turbines that generate electricity.
The technology used in this type of power generation plant is relatively new. And despite being clean energy, studies are still being done to analyze the long-term impact of this type of energy generation.
The largest hydroelectric plant in the world is not Itaipu, but Três Garganta in China, he was curious to know this hydroelectric plant, below we have the video of the Mundo da Elétrica channel showing every detail of Três Garganta.
For electricity to leave an electricity generating plant and reach its outlet, there is a long way to go through substations, transmission towers and many kilometers of cables, so that you can then use this electricity, on the World of Electrical website already we have articles related to the topic worth checking out. Any questions or curiosities leave in the comments that we will answer.v